Onshore Wind Power

Here you can find information about the Danish Energy Agency's responsibilities in regards to onshore wind turbine, which are regulations on technical requirements for wind turbines, grid connection and subsidies for wind power.

Planning of onshore wind turbines

As a general rule, the municiplaities are responsible for the planning pertainning to the establishment of onshore wind turbines. The Nature Agency under the Ministry of the Environment manages the legislation on planning activities and Environmental impact assessment in connection with onshore wind turbines (in Danish).

General information about schemes under the Promotion of Renewable Energy Act for expansion of onshore wind power

The Promotion of Renewable Energy Act contains four schemes to promote the development of wind turbines on land: loss of value to real property due to the erection of wind turbines, local citizens’ option to purchase wind turbine shares, a green scheme to enhance local scenic and recreational values and a guarantee fund to support financing of preliminary investigations etc, by local wind turbine owners’ associations.

Stakeholders interested in onshore turbines can direct any questions they may have about the four new schemes to the Danish TSO, Energinet.dk. Energinet.dk, which is responsible for e.g. connecting wind turbines and other energy sources to the electricity grid and paying subsidies for environmentally friendly electricity production, acts as secretariat for these new schemes, and is available for advice and guidance.

Loss of value to real property due the erection of wind turbines

If a property loses more than 1 per cent in value due to the erection of new wind turbines, the owner is ensured full compensation for his loss. The owner of the property must notify his claim for compensation for loss of value to Energinet.dk. As owner of the property you can choose to enter into a voluntary agreement for compensation for the loss of value with the erector of the wind turbine, or you can ask an impartial appraisal authority to make a specific appraisal of the property and determine the scope of your loss.

The claim from the owner of a property affected must be notified before the wind turbine has been erected. The erector of the wind turbine is therefore obligated to visualise the project and prepare other material as well as provide information to the citizens affected at a public meeting no later than four weeks before the municipal planning process ends. Any claims raised at a later stage will only be assessed as an exception to the rule.

Energinet.dk, which is responsible for operating the electricity grid in Denmark, is managing the scheme.

Local citizens’ option to purchase wind turbines shares

Any citizen of 18 years or above living within 4.5km of new wind turbines, will be given the option to buy a share in local turbine projects. Any shares which citizens living within the 4.5km limit do not buy will be offered to permanent residents in the rest of the municipality.

The erector of the turbines must as a minimum announce the project in the local papers and the shares on offer must correspond to at least 20% of the value (cost) of the turbines. A share corresponds to the price of 1,000kWh, which is currently around DKK 3,000-4,000. Shareholders share the costs, revenues, risk and influence on equal terms with the erector of the turbine.

Green scheme to enhance local scenic and recreational values

Danish municipalities can submit an application for subsidies under the green scheme to Energinet.dk. The subsidies are granted to projects which strengthen the landscape and recreational opportunities in the municipality, and they are granted to cultural and information activities. Examples include subsidies for establishing a nature path and for preparing teaching material about the climate and energy.

The size of the pool which the municipality may have at its disposal depends on the specific number of new wind turbines that are erected and their size. The pool will include about DKK 200,000 per turbine, depending on the turbines’ size. 

Energinet.dk, which is responsible for operating the electricity grid in Denmark, is managing the scheme.

The regulations on the green scheme in the Promotion of Renewable Energy Act entered into force on 1 June 2009. A statutory order on the management of subsidies under the scheme entered into force on the same date.

The guarantee fund

On 1 January 2009, a new scheme with a total of DKK 10 million was established. The scheme grants guarantees for loans taken out by local groups such as wind turbine associations.

The guarantee is to act as a security for groups of citizens, wind turbine associations and others who require a better basis for decision making before deciding whether to erect a turbine, e.g. preliminary investigations of the area, nuisance for neighbours, financial aspects etc. A guarantee is granted for a maximum of DKK 500,000 per project. The guarantee will be paid if the project is not implemented and the loan cannot be repaid.